body~politic

Saturday, August 23, 2014

Silk Road Search Was Illegal, Defense Lawyer Says « CBS San Francisco

Silk Road Search Was Illegal, Defense Lawyer Says « CBS San Francisco



NEW YORK (CBS SF/AP) — Lawyers for Ross Ulbricht, the San Francisco man charged with operating Silk Road—an online marketplace for illegal drugs, are asking a judge in New York to toss out most of the evidence against him.
The lawyers say in court papers that the government violated the Fourth Amendment ban on illegal searches and seizures when it searched Ulbricht’s online history.
Ulbricht is awaiting trial in Manhattan federal court on charges of narcotics trafficking, computer hacking and money laundering. He has pleaded not guilty.

Parks and Recreation - Parks and Recreation's Season 6 Bloopers (Digital...

Friday, August 22, 2014

Scottie Stewart on Twitter: Valerie Jarrett said Obama is trying to remind law enforcement of it's constitutional limits. Am I the only one who finds that ironic?

Scottie Stewart on Twitter: Valerie Jarrett said Obama is trying to remind law enforcement of it's constitutional limits. Am I the only one who finds that ironic?

Russian Caravan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Russian Caravan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



Russian Caravan is a blend of oolongkeemun, and lapsang souchong teas, all produced from Camellia sinensis[1] the Chinese tea plant.




Federal Employees Union Says Obamacare Could 'Hurt' Members | The Weekly Standard

Federal Employees Union Says Obamacare Could 'Hurt' Members | The Weekly Standard

The National Treasury Employees Union is an independent union representing, according to its own figures, "some 150,000" federal workers from many different agencies. The union claims to fight for the "dignity and respect" of its members, and it maintains a "legislative action center" to keep tabs on what Congress is up to.
With a Republican-controlled House of Representatives that was elected on a message of reining in federal spending, the NTEU's been on alert for any and all legislation that proposes reducing pay and benefits for federal workers. In fact, on the union's website, there's a handy list of 13 active pieces of legislation (all sponsored by Republicans) that the NTEU says it wants to stop. "Warning!" reads the top of the fact sheet. "Which of these bills could hurt you? ALL OF THEM."
Among the bills is H.R. 1780, sponsored by Michigan Republican Dave Camp. The NTEU says the bill could hurt workers because it would "require most federal employees to leave the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program...and instead join health plans established under the Affordable Care Act."


Ridley Scott to follow up Exodus with another Bible-related film on King David | Christian News on Christian Today

Ridley Scott to follow up Exodus with another Bible-related film on King David | Christian News on Christian Today



His next big blockbuster hasn't even hit the big screen yet but Ridley Scott is already planning another to follow Exodus: Gods and Kings.
Exodus stars Christian Bale and is due to release in theatres in December.
As the promo machine kicks in for Exodus,Variety is reporting that talks are underway between Scott, 20th Century Fox and Chernin Entertainment on a film looking at another Old Testament figure, this time David.
David is most famous for defeating Goliath but Variety reports that the plot is likely to focus on the time in David's life after his victory over the giant and instead look at his reign as King of Israel.


S.M on Twitter: WH Spox just told James Foley's parents a military deserter was more important than their son. #WheelsOff https://t.co/SSEy7kKEBS

S.M on Twitter: WH Spox just told James Foley's parents a military deserter was more important than their son. #WheelsOff https://t.co/SSEy7kKEBS

Not a joke: Obamacare helped cause the cancellation of a Chicago Cubs game | Red Alert Politics

Not a joke: Obamacare helped cause the cancellation of a Chicago Cubs game | Red Alert Politics



With the Cubs up 2-0 against the San Francisco Giants and just 4 1/2 innings left, a rainstorm took officials by surprise. By the time the umpires called for the tarp, the field was already wet. Despite the crowd chanting, “Pull! Pull!” the understaffed grounds crew was unable to unfurl the tarp over the entire field. After a 4 hour, 34-minute delay the game was called off, apparently handing the Cubs a win.




More Americans In 3 States Have Had Their Insurance Canceled Under ObamaCare Than Have Filed An Exchange Account In All 50

More Americans In 3 States Have Had Their Insurance Canceled Under ObamaCare Than Have Filed An Exchange Account In All 50



This week the reality of the ObamaCare roll-out appeared in a set of news stories that serve as an ironic juxtaposition. Over 500,000 individuals have seen their insurance policies cancelled in just 3 states.  In all 50 states, only 476,000 applications have been “filed” in an exchange. (Even though we are still learning the true definition of “filed.”)
First from Anna Gorman and Julie Appleby at Kaiser Health NewsThousands get health insurance cancellation notices
Florida Blue, for example, is terminating about 300,000 policies, about 80 percent of its individual policies in the state. Kaiser Permanente in California has sent notices to 160,000 people – about half of its individual business in the state. Insurer Highmark in Pittsburgh is dropping about 20 percent of its individual market customers, while Independence Blue Cross, the major insurer in Philadelphia, is dropping about 45 percent.
That is far north of half a million lives dropped due to new ObamaCare regulations in just 3 states. That doesn’t even include recent reports in North Carolina of Blue Cross planning to cancel a sizable portion of their plans, orcarriers doing the same in Illinois or Nebraska.
Next up is Julie Pace from the AP this past weekend:
Administration officials say more than 476,000 health insurance applications have been filed through federal and state exchanges.
And as Bob Laszewski pointed out on his blog recently:
So, for the Obama administration, and these states, an application apparently means an application to go shopping.
Give me a break.
States Inflating “Enrollment” Numbers
As I have tracked enrollment by states, many are reporting out both Medicaid and exchange enrollment at the same time.
Therefore the 476,000 number is misleading. My best guess is that for the 17 states that have reported out some data, the number is closer to 193,818 applications (once you pull out the Medicaid applications that have been reported on). Of course, this number is also still too high as it is compromised by the jointly reported data.
What becomes clear, is that the federal exchanges in 34 states are accounting for a single digit percentage of the accounts being filed.
Many More Medicaid Enrollments Than Private Insurance
In Connecticut, “Of the 3,847 individuals who signed up for coverage, 1,857 qualified for Medicaid, 1,897 signed up for plans with one of the three private insurance carriers, and 93 qualified for the Children’s Health Insurance Plan.”
In Washington state, of the 40,400 applications submitted, only 4,529 ended up being for private coverage, which translates into coverage for 16,699 lives.
In Oregon, they have signed up 56,000 new Medicaid enrollees,
A significant portion of the Medicaid enrollees are for those that were currently eligible, but not previously enrolled. (All 56,000 in Oregon, in fact.) As a result, this population is not eligible to receive the higher ACA federal reimbursement rate, and state taxpayers will be paying more for their coverage. A point I have yet to see reported by the media since October 1 open enrollment began.
Questions Remain Over How You Define Household
Washington state coverage of the state-based exchange also provides this interesting tidbit: “Most people who have completed applications – … – are members of households in which at least one member is enrolling in a private health plan while at least one other member qualifies for Medicaid coverage.” This should open some interesting discussions of how household income is being calculated.
*    *    *
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Thursday, August 21, 2014

Border Closures Scapegoat Colombians for Chavista Failures

Border Closures Scapegoat Colombians for Chavista Failures



The Venezuelan government has become increasingly invested in, and blinded by, their totalitarian path. They do not understand, nor apparently want to understand, their role in the economic disaster that has occurred in this oil-rich land.
This time, in an attempt to combat the rise in contraband being smuggled across the border, the Nicolás Maduro administration has decided to shut down the border between Venezuela and Colombia every night.
The satrap’s logic is simple (and wrong): goods smuggled into Colombia are causing theshortage in Venezuela.
According to Maduro, the shortages have nothing to do with the lack of private property rights, currency exchange and price controls, and trade restrictions imposed by the former tyrant Hugo Chávez. Maduro ignores the economic policy that has led to the disappearance of nearly all industry in Venezuela, including food production.
Drunk with power, the Venezuelan government once again points the finger at trade. Trade that has been outlawed by the state, and is therefore called smuggling.
It’s quite clear that these leaders prefer reading pamphlets disguised as science, typical of Karl Marx and his followers, instead of books that explain what’s going on today, like Friedrich Hayek’s The Road to Serfdom.
However, the Chavista government’s ability to implement such a simplistic, misguided, and harmful solution is not a one-way street. Across the border, the Colombian government conceded the closure, without protest, and without regard for the individual rights of the Colombian people.
Colombian Foreign Minister María Angela Holguín, who becomes very understanding when the totalitarian regimes of the region are involved, explained that the new policy will not affect the border zone because the closures will only occur at night. In other words, she believes herself to be omniscient, knowing how and when commercial trade takes place along the Venezuela-Colombia border.
When the Venezuelan government cracked down on peaceful demonstrators, the Colombian government provided its tacit approval through its silence. Now, it allows the Venezuelan government to enact policy that will affect traders and businessmen of the border zone, who must now only work during the hours the minister considers convenient.
Even with the consent of Colombian authorities, this policy will fail. Are governments on either side of the border really so ignorant and naive as to think people will resign themselves to their fate and cease trading between the two countries? Are they really so blind that they do not realize that the cause of shortages is not cross-border smuggling but bad economic policy?
Worst of all, when this policy does fail after a month, the Venezuelan government will then surely react in one of two predictable ways, if not both.
First, they will affirm that the policy was, in fact, a success, but need more control to fully root out the problem. Then, they will break out the annoying rhetoric that by now everyone is quite accustomed to hearing, and blame the “capitalists” and the “bourgeois,” denouncing the United States and their “intervention” for their own failures.
The Venezuelan government will likely apply more restrictive trade policies and continue destroying individual liberties and property rights. To divert attention, the government will announce that the policy will need to be extended, both in duration and for longer periods of time each day.
For quite a long time now, the Venezuelan government has been its citizens’ own worst enemy. Over time, it has increasingly become a threat to regional stability and the welfare of citizens in neighboring countries.
Unfortunately, the citizens of other nations, like Colombia, are not being protected by their own governments, which instead dedicate themselves to serving as accomplices to totalitarianism. In Colombia, this complicity is led by the Juan Manuel Santos administration, which naively believes that angering the Venezuelan tyrant may endanger their tangled peace process.
If the Colombian government is able to arrange a peace agreement with the FARC, it will hopefully not come at a greater cost to the government’s legitimacy, stability, and resources, having permitted and aided in the violation of its own citizens’ rights.

The White House Gives Up on Making Coders Dress Like Adults | Enterprise | WIRED

The White House Gives Up on Making Coders Dress Like Adults | Enterprise | WIRED



When it comes to computers, the federal government has a nasty reputation for prizing ISO standards and regulatory checkboxes above working code. The video is the White House’s best effort at saying it’s going to get real and hire people based on what they can do, not how they dress for work. Ben Balter, who spent some time as a White House Presidential Innovation Fellow a few years back, tells us he had to code in suit and tie.

ABC News on Twitter: For $8, you can buy a pear shaped like Buddha: http://t.co/7PMyCde9ws

ABC News on Twitter: For $8, you can buy a pear shaped like Buddha: http://t.co/7PMyCde9ws

Setting the Record Straight

Rand Paul: Obama Can't Rule by 'Royal Edict' on Immigration

Rand Paul: Obama Can't Rule by 'Royal Edict' on Immigration



“Who does he think he is?” asked a bewildered Sen. Rand Paul (R-KY) during a political event in Iowa, referring to President Obama’s efforts to act on his own on immigration reform.

Paul noted that even though he supported some kind of immigration reform, he was concerned about Obama acting unilaterally to solve the problem.
“You can’t do it by royal edict. We can’t have a king doing it,” he said, a video of the event shows.

CONTINUE READING @: BREITBART




Liz Harrington on Bonuses Given to Government Paralegals Paid to Do Nothing | Washington Free Beacon

Liz Harrington on Bonuses Given to Government Paralegals Paid to Do Nothing | Washington Free Beacon



BY: 
Washington Free Beacon’s Liz Harrington appeared on Fox News’ “Your World” to discuss her recent article which revealed that government paralegals were “paid to do nothing” and spent their time “watching television, doing laundry, and shopping online,” among other activities. 
Harrington explained that the Patent and Trademark Office hired around 20 new paralegals in 2009, but they did not hire any new judges, leaving the paralegals essentially without work. Senior managers were aware that the paralegals did not have any work to do and thus decided to create their own separate billing code. The code was called “Other Time” and it enabled the paralegals to bill their employer for the hours they spent doing household chores, surfing the net, or walking their dog. “It ended up costing taxpayers over $5 million,” Harrington revealed. The paralegals also received bonuses.
She added that senior managers feared pushback from the labor union and let the “Other Time” code continue as a result.
“It wasn’t like there wasn’t work to do in the Patent Office – there’s 20,000 cases a year backlogged, but they just weren’t doing any of the work because they didn’t manage it properly or have enough judges,” Harrington said.

"Apparently" This Kid is Awesome, Steals the Show During Interview

World News| Elie Wiesel Accuses Hamas of Child Sacrifice in Widespread Media Campaign

World News| Elie Wiesel Accuses Hamas of Child Sacrifice in Widespread Media Campaign



Eli Weisel writes: 

More than three thousand years ago, Abraham had two children. One son had been sent into the wilderness and was in danger of dying. God saved him with water from a spring. The other son was bound, his throat about to be cut by his own father. But God stayed the knife. Both sons – Ishmael and Isaac – received promises that they would father great nations. With these narratives, monotheism and western civilization begin. And the Canaanite practices of child sacrifice to Moloch are forever left behind by the descendants of Abraham. Except they are not. 

In my own lifetime, I have seen Jewish children thrown into the fire. And now I have seen Muslim children used as human shields, in both cases, by worshippers of death cults indistinguishable from that of the Molochites. What we are suffering through today is not a battle of Jew versus Arab or Israeli versus Palestinian. Rather, it is a battle between those who celebrate life and those who champion death. It is a battle of civilization versus barbarism. 

Do the two cultures that brought us the Psalms of David and the rich libraries of the Ottoman Empire not share a love of life, of transmitting wisdom and opportunity to their children? And is any of this discernible in the dark future offered by Hamas to Arab children, to be suicide bombers or human shields for rockets? 
Palestinian parents want a hopeful future for their children, just like Israeli parents do. And both should be joining together in peace. 

But before sleepless mothers in both Gaza City and Tel Aviv can rest, before diplomats can begin in earnest the crucial business of rebuilding dialogue... the Hamas death cult must be confronted for what it is. 
Moderate men and women of faith, whether that faith is in God or man, must shift their criticism from the Israeli soldiers – whose terrible choice is to fire and risk harming human shields, or hold their fire and risk the death of their loved ones – to the terrorists who have taken away all choice from the Palestinian children of Gaza. 

I call upon the Palestinian people to find true Muslims to represent them, Muslims who would never voluntarily place a child in danger. I call upon President Obama and the leaders of the world to condemn Hamas’ use of children as human shields. 

And I enjoin the American public to stand firmly with the people of Israel who are in yet another struggle for survival, and with the suffering people of Gaza who reject terror and embrace peace. 
Let us return child sacrifice to the darkest corner of history, and work towards a brighter future with those who choose life, Arabs and Jews alike, all of us Abraham’s children. 




The Independent on Twitter: How a village in Syria paid tribute to James Foley http://t.co/1VXEvFKEbK http://t.co/37xjBKxSXE

The Independent on Twitter: How a village in Syria paid tribute to James Foley http://t.co/1VXEvFKEbK http://t.co/37xjBKxSXE

Padma Lakshmi: Boston Teamsters Attack ‘Top Chef’ Host & Crew | Deadline

Padma Lakshmi: Boston Teamsters Attack ‘Top Chef’ Host & Crew | Deadline



Bravo declined comment, as did Lakshmi. A person from the network with knowledge of the incident said that “the police were called, and given the situation, that was the best we could do.” This person said the network “was willing to make a compromise, but in the end, the Teamsters were not willing to agree.” The Teamsters’ goal, this person said, “could have been accomplished if they did not react that way.”




Iraq & Vietnam: How Democrats Lose Wars That Are Already Won and the Holocausts to Follow | The Conservative Papers

Iraq & Vietnam: How Democrats Lose Wars That Are Already Won and the Holocausts to Follow | The Conservative Papers



With only his re-election in mind, Obama fled Iraq before the country was ready, and as a consequence, when ISIS attacked, the Iraqis dropped and left behind weapons, many of which are American-made.
These American-made weapons could very well make the difference for the savage barbarians looking to wipe out Iraq’s Kurds, the most pro-Western/pro-American part of the country and region.
Iraq was won. All we had to do was leave behind an American force that would continue to mentor and hold the Iraqi army together, and work as a deterrent against terrorist adventurism.
Obama and his media minions blame the Iraqis for the failure of the status of forces agreement, but it was Obama who didn’t want the deal and only made a symbolic push to win a deal. Before Iraq started falling apart, Obama continually bragged that the decision to pull all our troops from Iraq was his decision – the keeping of a campaign promise.

Iraq & Vietnam: How Democrats Lose Wars That Are Already Won and the Holocausts to Follow | The Conservative Papers

Iraq & Vietnam: How Democrats Lose Wars That Are Already Won and the Holocausts to Follow | The Conservative Papers



Barack Obama in December of 2011 declaring the mission in Iraq accomplished — in his words, a “success.” According to the president, we were leaving behind an Iraq that was “stable and self-reliant.”
Except we weren’t, and Obama knew it and so did anyone else paying attention.
Oh, the war in Iraq was won, but it wouldn’t stay won without an American presence.
Regardless, the President bugged out of Iraq without an all-important status of forces agreement. In other words, like the stabilizing troops we still have in Japan, Germany, and South Korea — we left no one in Iraq.
The results in Iraq have already been catastrophic. 

Gallup: Despite Obamacare Mandate, 13.4% of Americans Don’t Have Health Insurance | CNS News

Gallup: Despite Obamacare Mandate, 13.4% of Americans Don’t Have Health Insurance | CNS News



Although the Affordable Care Act, popularly known as Obamacare, required that all Americans obtain health insurance by the beginning of this year or else pay a penalty, a new Gallup surveyshows that 13.4% of Americans are still uninsured.
In Texas, according to Gallup, 24% of the people do not have health insurance.


Free Assyria ! on Twitter: Los Angeles Protesting #WeAreN #SaveAssyrians #DemandForAction #StopISIS http://t.co/t69HuAVZt5

Free Assyria ! on Twitter: Los Angeles Protesting #WeAreN #SaveAssyrians #DemandForAction #StopISIS http://t.co/t69HuAVZt5

Plankton on the ISS is proof life on Earth came from outer space, scientist claims | Mail Online

Plankton on the ISS is proof life on Earth came from outer space, scientist claims | Mail Online



'We're ALL aliens': Scientist claims discovery of plankton on the ISS is proof that life on Earth came from outer space

  • Controversial academic has claimed life on Earth is of extraterrestrial origin
  • This is based on the finding of plankton on the exterior of the ISS this week
  • Previously Russian experts had said the organisms must have drifted up to the Russian segment of the station from Earth on air currents
  • But Professor Wickramasinghe says they likely came from outer space
  • He says this is proof of the theory of panspermia, that life on Earth did not begin on our planet but instead was brought from elsewhere in the cosmos 
  • However a theory for the origin of the plankton has not been agreed upon
  • It may just be a case of contamination from the US part of the station 


Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2730997/Are-ALL-aliens-Discovery-plankton-ISS-proof-life-Earth-came-outer-space-claims-scientist.html#ixzz3B3WvV2eL
Follow us: @MailOnline on Twitter | DailyMail on Facebook






EXography: Senator lives like a Rockefeller but bills the cost to taxpayers | WashingtonExaminer.com

EXography: Senator lives like a Rockefeller but bills the cost to taxpayers | WashingtonExaminer.com



Sen. Jay Rockefeller comes from one of America's wealthiest families and represents a state only 60 miles from the District of Columbia, yet he travels home almost exclusively via private charter plane at $4,400 per trip and sends the bill to taxpayers.
There are as many as six commercial flights a day between D.C. and Charleston, W.Va., the city Rockefeller flies to and from. A round-trip ticket for the one-hour flight costs as little as $206.

Gary Bass on Twitter: Russia demands Bulgarians stop painting Soviet monuments as superheroes http://t.co/Aaf2GfkxfA http://t.co/pk5rJ0pfUO http://t.co/eYQkz8Xqe5

Gary Bass on Twitter: Russia demands Bulgarians stop painting Soviet monuments as superheroes http://t.co/Aaf2GfkxfA http://t.co/pk5rJ0pfUO http://t.co/eYQkz8Xqe5

Hillel Neuer on Twitter: #UNbelievable: Of the 10 deadliest countries for journalists, 60% sit on the UN Human Rights Council. Judging others. http://t.co/nzouBQTfIq

Hillel Neuer on Twitter: #UNbelievable: Of the 10 deadliest countries for journalists, 60% sit on the UN Human Rights Council. Judging others. http://t.co/nzouBQTfIq

Ferguson Agonistes | National Review Online

Ferguson Agonistes | National Review Online



Libertarianism is popular now because it is cool to say you’re libertarian even if — indeed, especially if — you are not libertarian. I’ve spoken at about 100 college campuses and I’ve made this point almost every time. Libertarianism is a bigger threat to conservatism among young people than liberalism is because given the culture today libertarianism is easier than conservatism. To be a conservative you not only have to judge people, you have to judge people out loud. And making judgments about right and wrong is a sin in today’s secular culture. A libertarian can argue with his poli-sci and economics professors by day and be a party guy by night. “Socialism is stupid” in the classroom and “Who’s up for getting high?” in the dorm.




Ferguson Agonistes | National Review Online

Ferguson Agonistes | National Review Online



Ferguson Agonistes
Much to liberals’ chagrin, race riots are not noble “happenings.”

Wednesday, August 20, 2014

Cassiopeia (mythology) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cassiopeia (mythology) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



Wife of Cepheus[edit]

The Queen Cassiopeia, wife of king Cepheus of Æthiopia, was beautiful but also arrogant and vain; these latter two characteristics led to her downfall. In some sources she was the daughter of Coronus and Zeuxo.
Her name in Greek is ΚασσιόπηKassiope; other variants of the name in Greek are ΚασσιόπειαKassiopeia and ΚασσιέπειαKassiepeia.
The boast of Cassiopeia was that both she and her daughter Andromeda were more beautiful than all the Nereids, the nymph-daughters of the sea god Nereus. This brought the wrath of Poseidon, ruling god of the sea, upon the kingdom of Ethiopia.
Accounts differ[citation needed] as to whether Poseidon decided to flood the whole country or direct the sea monster Cetus to destroy it. In either case, trying to save their kingdom, Cepheus and Cassiopeia consulted a wise oracle, who told them that the only way to appease the sea gods was to sacrifice their daughter.
Accordingly, Andromeda was chained to a rock at the sea's edge and left there to helplessly await her fate at the hands of the sea monsterCetus. But the hero Perseus arrived in time, killed Cetus, saved Andromeda and ultimately became her husband.
Since Poseidon thought that Cassiopeia should not escape punishment, he placed her in the heavens tied to a chair in such a position that, as she circles the celestial pole in her throne, she is upside-down half the time. The constellation resembles the chair that originally represented an instrument of torture. Cassiopeia is not always represented tied to the chair in torment, in some later drawings she is holding a mirror, symbol of her vanity, while in others she holds a palm leaf, a symbolism that is not clear.[1]
As it is near the pole star, the constellation Cassiopeia can be seen the whole year from the northern hemisphere, although sometimes upside down.


Wife of Phoenix[edit]

A different Cassiopeia or Cassiepeia was a daughter of Arabus and the wife of King Phoenix, according to Hesiod.[2] She is given as the mother of the hero Atymnius, by either her husband or the god Zeus. Other accounts also claim she was the mother, by Phoenix, of Phineusand Carme, although the latter is more often said to be a daughter of Eubuleus, a Cretan.


Machiavelli’s 27 Rules of War

Machiavelli’s 27 Rules of War




Niccolo Machiavelli is best known for The Prince, his guidebook on ruling an Italian city-state. But for a long time after his death, Machiavelli’s Art of War was better known and more influential (alongside his Discourses on Livy, both of which were written after The Prince but published before).
(As an aside, the more famous Art of War is Sun Tzu’s but that text was not actually called Art of War and may not have been written by Sun Tzu – another matter for another time.)
Machiavelli’s Art of War takes the form of Socratic dialogue between the warrior Lord Fabrizio Colonna and Florentine nobles. Fabrizio was a real person, but his character in this book has been interpreted as a stand-in for Machiavelli himself. In Art of War, the dialogue explains and predicts changes in European warfare and military affairs as a consequence of larger social, economic, and technological evolutions. The text is wide-ranging. At the end of the dialogue, in Book Seven, Machiavelli’s Fabrizio offers 27 “general rules” of war, which are listed here:
  1. What benefits the enemy, harms you; and what benefits you, harm the enemy.
  2. Whoever is more vigilant in observing the designs of the enemy in war, and endures much hardship in training his army, will incur fewer dangers, and can have greater hope for victory.
  3. Never lead your soldiers into an engagement unless you are assured of their courage, know they are without fear, and are organized, and never make an attempt unless you see they hope for victory.
  4. It is better to defeat the enemy by hunger than with steel; in such victory fortune counts more than virtu.
  5. No proceeding is better than that which you have concealed from the enemy until the time you have executed it.
  6. To know how to recognize an opportunity in war, and take it, benefits you more than anything else.
  7. Nature creates few men brave, industry and training makes many.
  8. Discipline in war counts more than fury.
  9. If some on the side of the enemy desert to come to your service, if they be loyal, they will always make you a great acquisition; for the forces of the adversary diminish more with the loss of those who flee, than with those who are killed, even though the name of the fugitives is suspect to the new friends, and odious to the old.
  10. It is better in organizing an engagement to reserve great aid behind the front line, than to spread out your soldiers to make a greater front.
  11. He is overcome with difficulty, who knows how to recognize his forces and those of the enemy.
  12. The virtu of the soldiers is worth more than a multitude, and the site is often of more benefit than virtu.
  13. New and speedy things frighten armies, while the customary and slow things are esteemed little by them: you will therefore make your army experienced, and learn (the strength) of a new enemy by skirmishes, before you come to an engagement with him.
  14. Whoever pursues a routed enemy in a disorganized manner, does nothing but become vanquished from having been a victor.
  15. Whoever does not make provisions necessary to live (eat), is overcome without steel.
  16. Whoever trusts more in cavalry than in infantry, or more in infantry than in cavalry, must settle for the location.
  17. If you want to see whether any spy has come into the camp during the day, have no one go to his quarters.
  18. Change your proceeding when you become aware that the enemy has foreseen it.
  19. Counsel with many on the things you ought to do, and confer with few on what you do afterwards.
  20. When soldiers are confined to their quarters, they are kept there by fear or punishment; then when they are led by war, (they are led) by hope and reward.
  21. Good Captains never come to an engagement unless necessity compels them, or the opportunity calls them.
  22. Act so your enemies do not know how you want to organize your army for battle, and in whatever way you organize them, arrange it so that the first line can be received by the second and by the third.
  23. In a battle, never use a company for some other purpose than what you have assigned it to, unless you want to cause disorder.
  24. Accidents are remedied with difficulty, unless you quickly take the facility of thinking.
  25. Men, steel, money, and bread, are the sinews of war; but of these four, the first two are more necessary, for men and steel find money and bread, but money and bread do not find men and steel.
  26. The unarmed rich man is the prize of the poor soldier.
  27. Accustom your soldiers to despise delicate living and luxurious clothing.

Ryan Evans is the editor-in-chief of War on the Rocks. 

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