body~politic

Saturday, September 10, 2011

Potato - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Potato - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

I discovered the first potato.

"China is now the world's largest potato-producing country, and nearly a third of the world's potatoes are harvested in China and India"

Government Spending in United States: Federal State Local 2011 - Charts Tables History

Government Spending in United States: Federal State Local 2011 - Charts Tables History

The Failed War on Poverty: Obama’s 2011 Budget Increases Welfare Spending to Historic Levels

The Failed War on Poverty: Obama’s 2011 Budget Increases Welfare Spending to Historic Levels

Moving People from Welfare to Work: Lessons from the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies - Summary

Moving People from Welfare to Work: Lessons from the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies - Summary

takes 2 days to read, + 5 more to evaluate thoroughly per person. Great read tho. #TLOT kinda. Haim.

Today’s GDP Report Perpetuates Myth That Imports ‘Subtract’ from Growth | Cato @ Liberty

Today’s GDP Report Perpetuates Myth That Imports ‘Subtract’ from Growth | Cato @ Liberty

The welfare reform bill is the biggest benefits shake-up in 60 years | Randeep Ramesh | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk

The welfare reform bill is the biggest benefits shake-up in 60 years | Randeep Ramesh | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk

Bob Beckel Curses on Air While Hosting Fox News’ The Five | Video | TheBlaze.com

Bob Beckel Curses on Air While Hosting Fox News’ The Five | Video | TheBlaze.com

Malaysia bans ethnic Indian protest group | The Jakarta Post

Malaysia bans ethnic Indian protest group | The Jakarta Post

Runaway Slave - The Documentary Movie

Runaway Slave - The Documentary Movie

FDR Scandal Page

FDR Scandal Page

It's A Good Life: Jerome Bixby

It's A Good Life: Jerome Bixby

EXCLUSIVE: Corp. America To Microsoft: We'll Pass On Windows 8 | Fox News

EXCLUSIVE: Corp. America To Microsoft: We'll Pass On Windows 8 | Fox News

Blog: PBS alters transcript to hide Obama gaffe

Blog: PBS alters transcript to hide Obama gaffe

"Barack Obama has gone to Congress asking for more money to spend. The President, in a rambling and tedious exercise mixing blame with demands, made quite a few dubious statements in laying out the case for Congress to vote for the plan which as yet does not exist. Much like Obamacare, Congress must ultimately vote for the bill to know what is in it."

The irrelevancy of the Obama presidency - The Washington Post

The irrelevancy of the Obama presidency - The Washington Post

Devil at My Doorstep; Obama Buys Votes from Big Labor at Enormous Cost to Nation | HoweStreet.com

Devil at My Doorstep; Obama Buys Votes from Big Labor at Enormous Cost to Nation | HoweStreet.com

A new game plan - JSOnline

A new game plan - JSOnline

JWST: the knives come out : Dynamics of Cats

JWST: the knives come out : Dynamics of Cats

FRINGE - "Past + Present + Future"

Friday, September 9, 2011

Coxisms – The Quotes of Dr Perry Cox - Quotes, Rants and Put Downs

Coxisms – The Quotes of Dr Perry Cox - Quotes, Rants and Put Downs

No: 532

Find in Quips

Yeah, I pretty much freak out over staph infections, blood disease, mumps, measles, sex, drugs, rock and roll, and definitely all registered independents. So I think between us we’ve got everything covered.

Tim Minchin: F*ck The Poor

College Threatens to Nix 9/11 Tribute As Too American - HUMAN EVENTS

College Threatens to Nix 9/11 Tribute As Too American - HUMAN EVENTS

Typical Muslims.




NEVER FORGET

Young America's Foundation - Campus Initiatives & Activism

Young America's Foundation - Campus Initiatives & Activism

Do the job the mainstream media will refuse to do! On the anniversary of Obama's inauguration, download and distribute the Obama: Epic Fail Fliers to show your campus community the negative impact of his policies. Be sure to download all three fliers.


http://www.yaf.org/CampusProjects.aspx#Epic Fail

Communism in Washington State: Organizing Unions: The 30's and 40's

Communism in Washington State: Organizing Unions: The 30's and 40's

NikeMag Back For The Future

NikeMag Back For The Future

Twitter / @FringeWatch: Media - *NEW* Fringe VIDEO ...

Twitter / @FringeWatch: Media - *NEW* Fringe VIDEO ...

Breaking news and opinion on The Blaze

Breaking news and opinion on The Blaze
Social Security is NOT a Ponzi scheme says… the Social Security Administration

Social Security Administration can do their job, and the treasury can do theirs.

Thursday, September 8, 2011

Obama Wants to ‘Put Party Ahead of Country’: White House Spokesman Misspeak or Freudian Slip? | Video | TheBlaze.com

Obama Wants to ‘Put Party Ahead of Country’: White House Spokesman Misspeak or Freudian Slip? | Video | TheBlaze.com


hmm................very interesting................tell me more........

Dress or dental floss? Celebrity outfits held together with a string and a prayer

Dress or dental floss? Celebrity outfits held together with a string and a prayer

Michelle Malkin » Big Labor’s legacy of violence

Michelle Malkin » Big Labor’s legacy of violence

10 Years - The Recipe Lyrics

10 Years - The Recipe Lyrics

Rep. McCotter on GOP Debate: 'Dearth' of Foreign Policy Discussion | Video - ABC News

Rep. McCotter on GOP Debate: 'Dearth' of Foreign Policy Discussion | Video - ABC News

'Totalitarian' Pledge of Allegiance Under Attack in Massachusetts - Pledge Of Allegiance - Fox Nation

'Totalitarian' Pledge of Allegiance Under Attack in Massachusetts - Pledge Of Allegiance - Fox Nation

The choice to say the Pledge, is the students, not the parents. say it, or don't, your choice. if not, stand for the 15 seconds, then sit down, this accounts for the bulk of US exercise standards, the oppositional parents and reverse-atheists can do this at home with an added STFU. Let sleeping dogs lay.

Appeals Court Dismisses Virginia's Challenge To Obama Health Care Law | Fox News

Appeals Court Dismisses Virginia's Challenge To Obama Health Care Law | Fox News

"But the court on Thursday stopped short of ruling whether the individual mandate in the health care law is constitutional; it strictly examined Virginia's right to sue."

Oops! No ObamaCare Tax Credit Via Federal Exchanges? - Investors.com

Oops! No ObamaCare Tax Credit Via Federal Exchanges? - Investors.com

Labor Day Weekend Violence: 13 Dead In New York, Eight In Chicago

Labor Day Weekend Violence: 13 Dead In New York, Eight In Chicago

American Crossroads: Job Loss Calendar

Government Spending Doesn't Create Jobs

Government and Job Creation: Help or Hindrance? | Cato @ Liberty

Government and Job Creation: Help or Hindrance? | Cato @ Liberty

Spies, Lies & Allies - Fox Business Video - FoxBusiness.com

Spies, Lies & Allies - Fox Business Video - FoxBusiness.com

WSJ: By the Numbers ... Obama's Historic Record of Failure - President Obama - Fox Nation

WSJ: By the Numbers ... Obama's Historic Record of Failure - President Obama - Fox Nation

Small Italian Town Bids to Become Sovereign, Prints Its Own Currency

Small Italian Town Bids to Become Sovereign, Prints Its Own Currency

Debate Reviewed - Speech Previewed - Michelle Malkin - Fox and Friends -...

The Use of Knowledge in Society - Friedrich A. Hayek - Mises Daily

The Use of Knowledge in Society - Friedrich A. Hayek - Mises Daily

Indie Authors Shaking the Pillars of Publishing - Reagen Dandridge Desilets - Mises Daily

Indie Authors Shaking the Pillars of Publishing - Reagen Dandridge Desilets - Mises Daily

Rick Perry’s Moment | Cato @ Liberty

Rick Perry’s Moment | Cato @ Liberty

Bulimia nervosa - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Bulimia nervosa - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Amazon cuts deal on California sales taxes - latimes.com

Amazon cuts deal on California sales taxes - latimes.com

Wednesday, September 7, 2011

News from The Associated Press

News from The Associated Press


Survey: US falls to 5th in global competitiveness


AP Photo
AP Photo/ENNIO LEANZA
Business Video



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GENEVA (AP) -- The U.S. has tumbled further down a global ranking of the world's most competitive economies, landing at fifth place because of its huge deficits and declining public faith in government, a global economic group said Wednesday.

The announcement by the World Economic Forum was the latest bad news for the Obama administration, which has been struggling to boost the sinking U.S. economy and lower an unemployment rate of more than 9 percent.

Switzerland held onto the top spot for the third consecutive year in the annual ranking by the Geneva-based forum, which is best known for its exclusive meeting of luminaries in Davos, Switzerland, each January.

Singapore moved up to second place, bumping Sweden down to third. Finland moved up to fourth place, from seventh last year. The U.S. was in fourth place last year, after falling from No. 1 in 2008.

The rankings, which the forum has issued for more than three decades, are based on economic data and a survey of 15,000 business executives.

The forum praised the U.S. for its productivity, highly sophisticated and innovative companies, excellent universities and flexible labor market. But it also cited "a number of escalating weaknesses" such as rising government debt and declining public faith in political leaders and corporate ethics.

The results of a survey of 142 nations comes a day before Obama is preparing to tackle jobs issues in a speech to the U.S. Congress, and just as U.S. polls show a clear majority of those surveyed say they disapprove of the way Obama is handling the economy.

Switzerland held onto its top ranking, the forum said, because of "continuing strong performance across the board" with innovation, technological readiness, even-handed regulation and having one of the world's most stable economic environments.

Germany, Europe's economic powerhouse, was sixth, followed by the Netherlands and Denmark. Japan came in ninth, and Britain was 10th. France was 18th, and Greece, saddled with debt, fell to 90th.

The report looked at broader trends: While the U.S. slipped, emerging markets gained traction. China took 26th place, highest among major emerging economies; Brazil was 53rd; India was 56th; and Russia was 66th.

"Fiscal imbalances that have been building up around the world are really a danger to future competitiveness, in terms of the ability of countries to invest in those things that will be very important for competitiveness going forward, things like education, infrastructure and so on," said Jennifer Blanke, an economist with the forum.

© 2011 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed. Learn more about our Privacy Policy and Terms of Use.

Eye-Catching Classes (and Carats) : Page 3.14

Eye-Catching Classes (and Carats) : Page 3.14.3


"It's a giant rock in close orbit around a pulsar"

» Cantor Tees Up Energy, Jobs and ‘Green’ Fight with Obama - Big Government

» Cantor Tees Up Energy, Jobs and ‘Green’ Fight with Obama - Big Government

GOP Debate at Reagan Library : Debra J. Saunders

GOP Debate at Reagan Library : Debra J. Saunders

ROFL, "Republicans especially have to question Politico/MSNBC's decison to have Telemundo's Jose Diaz-Balart ask the same question over and over again -- Won't you agree to amnesty for illegal immigrants?"

Jihad in India: Deadly Islamic Attack Strikes Courthouse in New Delhi "There was total chaos. There was blood. People were running for their lives.” - Atlas Shrugs

Jihad in India: Deadly Islamic Attack Strikes Courthouse in New Delhi "There was total chaos. There was blood. People were running for their lives.” - Atlas Shrugs

Eye-Catching Classes (and Carats) : Page 3.14

Eye-Catching Classes (and Carats) : Page 3.14

Obamaisms - Dumb Barack Obama Quotes - Gaffes and Obama-isms

Obamaisms - Dumb Barack Obama Quotes - Gaffes and Obama-isms

2010 edition

Democrats’ Problem With Real Economic Data | RNC: Republican National Committee | GOP

Democrats’ Problem With Real Economic Data | RNC: Republican National Committee | GOP

Roger Williams for Congress - The Donkey Whisperer

Kosovo Bans Islamic Headscarf and Religious Instruction in Public Schools | The Weekly Standard

Kosovo Bans Islamic Headscarf and Religious Instruction in Public Schools | The Weekly Standard


Scarves are for the cold; outdoors.

Althing - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Althing - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Timocracy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Timocracy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Report Says Death of Euro Will Lead to Doomsday

Report Says Death of Euro Will Lead to Doomsday

I'm ok, euro k.

Americans for Tax Reform :: ATR Urges Congress To Let The Ethanol Tax Credit Expire

Americans for Tax Reform :: ATR Urges Congress To Let The Ethanol Tax Credit Expire

Spending in the Tax Code | Cato @ Liberty

Spending in the Tax Code | Cato @ Liberty


Spending in the Tax Code

The IRS made payments of $4.2 billion last year in refundable tax credits to illegal aliens, according to an audit by the Treasury’s Inspector General. “Refundable” tax credits are cash subsidies — federal outlays — given to people who don’t pay any income tax.

Even by Washington standards, flushing $4.2 billion down the drain in a single year is pretty impressive. And what’s weird in this case is that federal law is apparently ambiguous about whether or not these payments should have been made.

The larger problem here is that the overall cost of refundable tax subsidies has skyrocketed in recent years. The chart shows the outlay portions of the largest two refundable tax credits—the earned income tax credit (EITC) and the child tax credit (CTC). (This is fiscal year federal budget data).

  • The EITC has grown in cost from $4.4 billion in 1990, to $26.1 billion in 2000, and to an estimated $44.9 billion in 2011.
  • The CTC was enacted in 1997, and then its cost rose from $0.8 billion in 2000 to an estimated $22.9 billion in 2011.

Note that the $4.2 billion paid to illegal aliens is not the only rip-off element of these refundable tax subsidies. For decades, auditors have been finding an enormous amount of errors and fraud in EITC payments. The IRS currently estimates that the error and fraud rate in the EITC is between 24 and 29 percent, or more than $10 billion a year in waste.

The CTC and EITC should be scrapped. The CTC started out as a Republican effort to distort the tax code in a socially conservative manner, and it has now morphed into a large welfare program. As for the EITC—any program that hands out one-quarter of its spending erroneously and fraudulently is grossly unfair to the taxpayers who are footing the bills.

Chris EdwardsSeptember 6, 2011 @ 2:40 pm

Isabeau - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Isabeau - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Obama’s whopper of a claim on tax cuts - The Fact Checker - The Washington Post

Obama’s whopper of a claim on tax cuts - The Fact Checker - The Washington Post

Obama’s whopper of a claim on tax cuts


(JASON REED/REUTERS)

“We said working folks deserved a break, so within one month of me taking office, we signed into law the biggest middle-class tax cut in history, putting more money into your pockets.”

— President Obama, Sept. 5, 2011

The president’s Labor Day speech in Detroit featured an assertion that contained a number of warning signs that it might be an errant fact: “biggest middle-class tax cut in history.”

First of all, anytime a politician claims he or she has done something historic, watch your pockets. That’s usually a dubious claim.

Then, “biggest” can mean all sorts of things. If we are talking about dollars, then are they inflation-adjusted or measured against the overall economy? Raw dollar figures are essentially meaningless without that context.

Finally, the “middle-class” modifier. What’s the definition of “middle-class”? There are many ways one could slice and dice that classification.

Clearly the president wants to demonstrate he’s a tax-cutter. And certainly White House officials have been frustrated that the $116 billion Making Work Pay tax cut was largely unnoticed by Americans.

We decided to put the president’s claim to the test.

The Facts

We took an informal survey in our office and asked people what they thought the president’s statement meant. Everyone agreed he was claiming the biggest tax cut in terms of dollars.

Imagine our surprise when the White House responded that he wasn’t talking about dollars at all.

“The point the president was making that is there is not a tax cut that has been enjoyed by such a broad section of the population,” an administration official said, pointing to a report that said that 95 percent of working families received some kind of tax cut under the Making Work Pay provision in his stimulus bill.

Huh?

In other words, this isn’t about the size of the tax cut, but about the fact that every working family, except those making more than $190,000, received as much as $800 in tax cuts.

That strikes us as very odd way to claim “the biggest,” but maybe that’s because Obama can’t make that claim. We ran the numbers every which way, but the fairest over time is to look at the tax cut as a percentage of national income (Gross Domestic Product minus depreciation.)

John F. Kennedy seems to win the prize for biggest tax cut, at least in the last half century. By the same measure, the income tax provisions of George W. Bush tax cuts are more than twice as large as Obama’s tax cut over the same three-year time span. (Yes, a large portion of Bush’s tax cut went to the wealthy, but it also benefited the working poor. We still don’t know what Obama means by “middle class,” since his definition also seems to include the working poor.)

Incidentally, the report that the administration official cited as “outside validation” for the 95 percent statistic just mentioned it as an aside. We checked with one of the co-authors, and he said the source for the figure was a White House fact sheet.

We’re not that impressed by the 95 percent claim, in any case. Essentially, all this means is that the top 5 percent of taxpayers did not receive the tax cut. Some economists might argue the cut-off limited the effectiveness of the provision as economic stimulus.

The Pinocchio Test

Obama’s claim of having passed the “biggest middle-class tax cut in history” is ridiculous. He might have been on more solid ground if he had claimed the “broadest” tax cut, but that doesn’t sound very historic.

We went back and forth over whether this was a three or four Pinocchio violation, until we found evidence that Obama knew he was saying a whopper. Here’s how he put it in his 2010 State of the Union speech: “We cut taxes for 95 percent of working families.” That phrasing, at least, would not have been so misleading.

Four Pinnocchios


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Watch Obama’s Labor Day speech



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The Miseducation of American Teachers

The Miseducation of American Teachers

Obama’s Failure on Jobs: Four Damning Charts | Cato @ Liberty

Obama’s Failure on Jobs: Four Damning Charts | Cato @ Liberty

Shakespearean Insulter

Shakespearean Insulter

"Thou art some fool, I am loath to beat thee."

THE FUCKING TIME

THE FUCKING TIME

Prison Planet.com » UBS: Euro Collapse Could Lead To Martial Law, Civil War

Prison Planet.com » UBS: Euro Collapse Could Lead To Martial Law, Civil War

If WW3 begins in EUROPE, Johnny Reb & Billy Yank aren't going. Economic collapse is a stupid problem; learn to evolve, and use your austerity measures to dismiss some bureaucrats/bureaucracy.

No Death Tax » Kill the Death Tax

No Death Tax » Kill the Death Tax

No Death Tax » What is the Death Tax?

No Death Tax » What is the Death Tax?


See “Repeal the Death Tax” for further explanation of how the death tax destroys family businesses, farms and jobs.

Anarcho-Syndicalism: A Recipe for Ruin - Daniel James Sanchez - Mises Daily

Anarcho-Syndicalism: A Recipe for Ruin - Daniel James Sanchez - Mises Daily




Anarcho-Syndicalism: A Recipe for Ruin

Mises Daily: Monday, September 05, 2011 by

Three wise monkeys - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Three wise monkeys - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Details of Obama 'Jobs Plan' Leak...And They're Not Pretty - President Obama - Fox Nation

Details of Obama 'Jobs Plan' Leak...And They're Not Pretty - President Obama - Fox Nation

DETAILS OF THE PLAN BELOW

According to people familiar with the White House deliberations, two of the biggest measures in the president's proposals for 2012 are expected to be a one-year extension of a payroll tax cut for workers and an extension of expiring jobless benefits. Together those two would total about $170 billion.

The people spoke on the condition of anonymity because the plan was still being finalized and some proposals could still be subject to change.

The White House is also considering a tax credit for businesses that hire the unemployed. That could cost about $30 billion. Obama has also called for public works projects, such as school construction. Advocates of that plan have called for spending of $50 billion, but the White House proposal is expected to be smaller.

Obama also is expected to continue for one year a tax break for businesses that allows them to deduct the full value of new equipment. The president and Congress negotiated that provision into law for 2011 last December.

Though Obama has said he intends to propose long-term deficit reduction measures to cover the up-front costs of his jobs plan, White House spokesman Jay Carney said Obama would not lay out a wholesale deficit reduction plan in his speech.

Read more at Associated Press

Michelle Malkin » How Obama protects the Teamsters

Michelle Malkin » How Obama protects the Teamsters

Tuesday, September 6, 2011

Benjamin Franklin

http://www.franklinpapers.org/franklin/framedNames.jsp



The Nature and Necessity of a Paper-Currency
A Modest Enquiry into the Nature and Necessity of a Paper-Currency. Philadelphia: Printed and Sold at the New Printing-Office, near the Market. 1729. (Historical Society of Pennsylvania)
A Modest Enquiry, &C.
There is no Science, the Study of which is more useful and commendable than the Knowledge of the true Interest of one’s Country; and perhaps there is no Kind of Learning more abstruse and intricate, more difficult to acquire in any Degree of Perfection than This, and therefore none more generally neglected. Hence it is, that we every Day find Men in Conversation contending warmly on some Point in Politicks, which, altho’ it may nearly concern them both, neither of them understand any more than they do each other.
Thus much by way of Apology for this present Enquiry into the Nature and Necessity of a Paper Currency. And if any Thing I shall say, may be a Means of fixing a Subject that is now the chief Concern of my Countrymen, in a clearer Light, I shall have the Satisfaction of thinking my Time and Pains well employed.
To proceed, then,
This leads us to the following general Considerations.
First, A great Want of Money in any Trading Country, occasions Interest to be at a very high Rate. And here it may be observed, that it is impossible by any Laws to restrain Men from giving and receiving exorbitant Interest, where Money is suitably scarce: For he that wants Money will find out Ways to give 10 per Cent. when he cannot have it for less, altho’ the Law forbids to take more than 6 per Cent. Now the Interest of Money being high is prejudicial to a Country several Ways: It makes Land bear a low Price, because few Men will lay out their Money in Land, when they can make a much greater Profit by lending it out upon Interest: And much less will Men be inclined to venture their Money at Sea, when they can, without Risque or Hazard, have a great and certain Profit by keeping it at home; thus Trade is discouraged. And if in two Neighbouring Countries the Traders of one, by Reason of a greater Plenty of Money, can borrow it to trade with at a lower Rate than the Traders of the other, they will infallibly have the Advantage, and get the greatest Part of that Trade into their own Hands; For he that trades with Money he hath borrowed at 8 or 10 per Cent. cannot hold Market with him that borrows his Money at 6 or 4.—On the contrary, A plentiful Currency will occasion Interest to be low: And this will be an Inducement to many to lay out their Money in Lands, rather than put it out to Use, by which means Land will begin to rise in Value and bear a better Price: And at the same Time it will tend to enliven Trade exceedingly, because People will find more Profit in employing their Money that Way than in Usury; and many that understand Business very well, but have not a Stock sufficient of their own, will be encouraged to borrow Money to trade with, when they can have it at moderate Interest.
Secondly, Want of Money in a Country reduces the Price of that Part of its Produce which is used in Trade: Because Trade being discouraged by it as above, there is a much less Demand for that Produce. And this is another Reason why Land in such a Case will be low, especially where the Staple Commodity of the Country is the immediate Produce of the Land, because that Produce being low, fewer People find an Advantage in Husbandry, or the Improvement of Land.—On the contrary, A Plentiful Currency will occasion the Trading Produce to bear a good Price: Because Trade being encouraged and advanced by it, there will be a much greater Demand for that Produce; which will be a great Encouragement of Husbandry and Tillage, and consequently make Land more valuable, for that many People would apply themselves to Husbandry, who probably might otherwise have sought some more profitable Employment.
As we have already experienced how much the Increase of our Currency by what Paper Money has been made, has encouraged our Trade; particularly to instance only in one Article, Ship-Building; it may not be amiss to observe under this Head, what a great Advantage it must be to us as a Trading Country, that has Workmen and all the Materials proper for that Business within itself, to have Ship-Building as much as possible advanced: For every Ship that is built here for the English Merchants, gains the Province her clear Value in Gold and Silver, which must otherwise have been sent Home for Returns in her Stead; and likewise, every Ship built in and belonging to the Province, not only saves the Province her first Cost, but all the Freight, Wages and Provisions she ever makes or requires as long as she lasts; provided Care is taken to make This her Pay Port, and that she always takes Provisions with her for the whole Voyage, which may easily be done. And how considerable an Article this is yearly in our Favour, every one, the least acquainted with mercantile Affairs, must needs be sensible; for if we could not Build our selves, we must either purchase so many Vessels as we want from other Countries, or else Hire them to carry our Produce to Market, which would be more expensive than Purchasing; and on many other Accounts exceedingly to our Loss. Now as Trade in general will decline where there is not a plentiful Currency, so Ship-Building must certainly of Consequence decline where Trade is declining.
Thirdly, Want of Money in a Country discourages Labouring and Handicrafts Men (which are the chief Strength and Support of a People) from coming to settle in it, and induces many that were settled to leave the Country, and seek Entertainment and Employment in other Places, where they can be better paid. For what can be more disheartning to an industrious labouring Man, than this, that after he hath earned his Bread with the Sweat of his Brows, he must spend as much Time, and have near as much Fatigue in getting it, as he had to earn it. And nothing makes more bad Paymasters than a general Scarcity of Money. And here again is a Third Reason for Land’s bearing a low Price in such a Country, because Land always increases in Value in Proportion with the Increase of the People settling on it, there being so many more Buyers; and its Value will infallibly be diminished, if the Number of its Inhabitants diminish. —On the contrary, A Plentiful Currency will encourage great Numbers of Labouring and Handicrafts Men to come and Settle in the Country, by the same Reason that a Want of it will discourage and drive them out. Now the more Inhabitants, the greater Demand for Land (as is said above) upon which it must necessarily rise in Value, and bear a better Price. The same may be said of the Value of House-Rent, which will be advanced for the same Reasons; and by the Increase of Trade and Riches People will be enabled to pay greater Rents. Now the Value of House-Rent rising, and Interest becoming low, many that in a Scarcity of Money practised Usury, will probably be more inclined to Building; which will likewise sensibly enliven Business in any Place; it being an Advantage not only to Brickmakers, Bricklayers, Masons, Carpenters, Joiners, Glaziers, and several other Trades immediately employ’d by Building, but likewise to Farmers, Brewers, Bakers, Taylors, Shoemakers, Shop-keepers, and in short to every one that they lay their Money out with.
Fourthly, Want of Money in such a Country as ours, occasions a greater Consumption of English and European Goods, in Proportion to the Number of the People, than there would otherwise be. Because Merchants and Traders, by whom abundance of Artificers and labouring Men are employed, finding their other Affairs require what Money they can get into their hands, oblige those who work for them to take one half, or perhaps two thirds Goods in Pay. By this Means a greater Quantity of Goods are disposed of, and to a greater Value; because Working Men and their Families are thereby induced to be more profuse and extravagant in fine Apparel and the like, than they would be if they were obliged to pay ready Money for such Things after they had earn’d and received it, or if such Goods were not imposed upon them, of which they can make no other Use: For such People cannot send the Goods they are paid with to a Foreign Market, without losing considerably by having them sold for less than they stand’em in here; neither can they easily dispose of them at Home, because their Neighbours are generally supplied in the same Manner; But how unreasonable would it be, if some of those very Men who have been a Means of thus forcing People into unnecessary Expence, should be the first and most earnest in accusing them of Pride and Prodigality. Now tho’ this extraordinary Consumption of Foreign Commodities may be a Profit to particular Men, yet the Country in general grows poorer by it apace. —On the contrary, As A plentiful Currency will occasion a less Consumption of European Goods, in Proportion to the Number of the People, so it will be a means of making the Balance of our Trade more equal than it now is, if it does not give it in our Favour; because our own Produce will be encouraged at the same Time. And it is to be observed, that tho’ less Foreign Commodities are consumed in Proportion to the Number of People, yet this will be no Disadvantage to the Merchant, because the Number of People increasing, will occasion an increasing Demand of more Foreign Goods in the Whole.
Thus we have seen some of the many heavy Disadvantages a Country (especially such a Country as ours) must labour under, when it has not a sufficient Stock of running Cash to manage its Trade currently. And we have likewise seen some of the Advantages which accrue from having Money sufficient, or a Plentiful Currency.
The foregoing Paragraphs being well considered, we shall naturally be led to draw the following Conclusions with Regard to what Persons will probably be for or against Emitting a large Additional Sum of Paper Bills in this Province.
1. Since Men will always be powerfully influenced in their Opinions and Actions by what appears to be their particular Interest: Therefore all those, who wanting Courage to venture in Trade, now practise Lending Money on Security for exorbitant Interest, which in a Scarcity of Money will be done notwithstanding the Law, I say all such will probably be against a large Addition to our present Stock of Paper-Money; because a plentiful Currency will lower Interest, and make it common to lend on less Security.
2. All those who are Possessors of large Sums of Money, and are disposed to purchase Land, which is attended with a great and sure Advantage in a growing Country as this is; I say, the Interest of all such Men will encline them to oppose a large Addition to our Money. Because their Wealth is now continually increasing by the large Interest they receive, which will enable them (if they can keep Land from rising) to purchase More some time hence than they can at present; and in the mean time all Trade being discouraged, not only those who borrow of them, but the Common People in general will be impoverished, and consequently obliged to sell More Land for less Money than they will do at present. And yet, after such Men are possessed of as much Land as they can purchase, it will then be their Interest to have Money made Plentiful, because that will immediately make Land rise in Value in their Hands. Now it ought not to be wonder’d at, if People from the Knowledge of a Man’s Interest do sometimes make a true Guess at his Designs; for, Interest, they say, will not Lie.
3. Lawyers, and others concerned in Court Business, will probably many of them be against a plentiful Currency; because People in that Case will have less Occasion to run in Debt, and consequently less Occasion to go to Law and Sue one another for their Debts. Tho’ I know some even among these Gentlemen, that regard the Publick Good before their own apparent private Interest.
4. All those who are any way Dependants on such Persons as are above mentioned, whether as holding Offices, as Tenants, or as Debtors, must at least appear to be against a large Addition; because if they do not, they must sensibly feel their present Interest hurt. And besides these, there are, doubtless, many well-meaning Gentlemen and Others, who, without any immediate private Interest of their own in View, are against making such an Addition, thro’ an Opinion they may have of the Honesty and sound Judgment of some of their Friends that oppose it, (perhaps for the Ends aforesaid) without having given it any thorough Consideration themselves. And thus it is no Wonder if there is a powerful Party on that Side.
On the other Hand, Those who are Lovers of Trade, and delight to see Manufactures encouraged, will be for having a large Addition to our Currency: For they very well know, that People will have little Heart to advance Money in Trade, when what they can get is scarce sufficient to purchase Necessaries, and supply their Families with Provision. Much less will they lay it out in advancing new Manufactures; nor is it possible new Manufactures should turn to any Account, where there is not Money to pay the Workmen, who are discouraged by being paid in Goods, because it is a great Disadvantage to them.
Again, Those who are truly for the Proprietor’s Interest (and have no separate Views of their own that are predominant) will be heartily for a large Addition: Because, as I have shewn above, Plenty of Money will for several Reasons make Land rise in Value exceedingly: And I appeal to those immediately concerned for the Proprietor in the Sale of his Lands, whether Land has not risen very much since the first Emission of what Paper Currency we now have, and even by its Means. Now we all know the Proprietary has great Quantities to sell.
And since a Plentiful Currency will be so great a Cause of advancing this Province in Trade and Riches, and increasing the Number of its People; which, tho’ it will not sensibly lessen the Inhabitants of Great Britain, will occasion a much greater Vent and Demand for their Commodities here; and allowing that the Crown is the more powerful for its Subjects increasing in Wealth and Number, I cannot think it the Interest of England to oppose us in making as great a Sum of Paper Money here, as we, who are the best Judges of our own Necessities, find convenient. And if I were not sensible that the Gentlemen of Trade in England, to whom we have already parted with our Silver and Gold, are misinformed of our Circumstances, and therefore endeavour to have oour Currency stinted to what it now is, I should think the Government at Home had some Reasons for discouraging and impoverishing this Province, which we are not acquainted with.
It remains now that we enquire, Whether a large Addition to our Paper Currency will not made it sink in Value very much; And here it will be requisite that we first form just Notions of the Nature and Value of Money in general.
As Providence has so ordered it, that not only different Countries, but even different Parts of the same Country, have their peculiar most suitable Productions; and likewise that different Men have Genius’s adapted to Variety of different Arts and Manufactures, Therefore Commerce, or the Exchange of one Commodity or Manufacture for another, is highly convenient and beneficial to Mankind. As for Instance, A may be skilful in the Art of making Cloth, and B understand the raising of Corn; A wants Corn, and B Cloth; upon which they make an Exchange with each other for as much as each has Occasion, to the mutual Advantage and Satisfaction of both.
But as it would be very tedious, if there were no other Way of general Dealing, but by an immediate Exchange of Commodities; because a Man that had Corn to dispose of, and wanted Cloth for it, might perhaps in his Search for a Chapman to deal with, meet with twenty People that had Cloth to dispose of, but wanted no Corn; and with twenty others that wanted his Corn, but had no Cloth to suit him with. To remedy such Inconveniences, and facilitate Exchange, Men have invented Money, properly called a Medium of Exchange, because through or by its Means Labour is exchanged for Labour, or one Commodity for another. And whatever particular Thing Men have agreed to make this Medium of, whether Gold, Silver, Copper, or Tobacco; it is, to those who possess it (if they want any Thing) that very Thing which they want, because it will immediately procure it for them. It is Cloth to him that wants Cloth, and Corn to those that want Corn; and so of all other Necessaries, it is whatsoever it will procure. Thus he who had Corn to dispose of, and wanted to purchase Cloth with it, might sell his Corn for its Value in this general Medium, to one who wanted Corn but had no Cloth; and with this Medium he might purchase Cloth of him that wanted no Corn, but perhaps some other Thing, as Iron it may be, which this Medium will immediately procure, and so he may be said to have exchanged his Cloth for Iron; and thus the general Exchange is soon performed, to the Satisfaction of all Parties, with abundance of Facility.
For many Ages, those Parts of the World which are engaged in Commerce, have fixed upon Gold and Silver as the chief and most proper Materials for this Medium; they being in themselves valuable Metals for their Fineness, Beauty, and Scarcity. By these, particularly by Silver, it has been usual to value all Things else: But as Silver it self is of no certain permanent Value, being worth more or less according to its Scarcity or Plenty, therefore it seems requisite to fix upon Something else, more proper to be made a Measure of Values, and this I take to be Labour.
By Labour may the Value of Silver be measured as well as other Things. As, Suppose one Man employed to raise Corn, while another is digging and refining Silver; at the Year’s End, or at any other Period of Time, the compleat Produce of Corn, and that of Silver, are the natural Price of each other; and if one be twenty Bushels, and the other twenty Ounces, then an Ounce of that Silver is worth the Labour of raising a Bushel of that Corn. Now if by the Discovery of some nearer, more easy or plentiful Mines, a Man may get Forty Ounces of Silver as easily as formerly he did Twenty, and the same Labour is still required to raise Twenty Bushels of Corn, then Two Ounces of Silver will be worth no more than the same Labour of raising One Bushel of Corn, and that Bushel of Corn will be as cheap at two Ounces, as it was before at one; caeteris paribus.
Thus the Riches of a Country are to be valued by the Quantity of Labour its Inhabitants are able to purchase, and not by the Quantity of Silver and Gold they possess; which will purchase more or less Labour, and therefore is more or less valuable, as is said before, according to its Scarcity or Plenty. As those Metals have grown much more plentiful in Europe since the Discovery of America, so they have sunk in Value exceedingly; for, to instance in England, formerly one Penny of Silver was worth a Days Labour, but now it is hardly worth the sixth Part of a Days Labour; because not less than Six-pence will purchase the Labour of a Man for a Day in any Part of that Kingdom; which is wholly to be attributed to the much greater Plenty of Money now in England than formerly. And yet perhaps England is in Effect no richer now than at that Time; because as much Labour might be purchas’d, or Work got done of almost any kind, for £100 then, as will now require or is now worth £600.
In the next Place let us consider the Nature of Banks emitting Bills of Credit, as they are at this Time used in Hamburgh, Amsterdam, London and Venice.
Those Places being Seats of vast Trade, and the Payment of great Sums being for that Reason frequent, Bills of Credit are found very convenient in Business; because a great Sum is more easily counted in Them, lighter in Carriage, concealed in less Room, and therefore safer in Travelling or Laying up, and on many other Accounts they are very much valued. The Banks are the general Cashiers of all Gentlemen, Merchants and great Traders in and about those Cities; there they deposite their Money, and may take out Bills to the Value, for which they can be certain to have Money again at the Bank at any Time: This gives the Bills a Credit; so that in England they are never less valuable than Money, and in Venice and Amsterdam they are generally worth more. And the Bankers always reserving Money in hand to answer more than the common Run of Demands (and some People constantly putting in while others are taking out) are able besides to lend large Sums, on good Security, to the Government or others, for a reasonable Interest, by which they are paid for their Care and Trouble; and the Money which otherwise would have lain dead in their Hands, is made to circulate again thereby among the People: And thus the Running Cash of the Nation is as it were doubled; for all great Payments being made in Bills, Money in lower Trade becomes much more plentiful: And this is an exceeding great Advantage to a Trading Country, that is not over-stock’d with Gold and Silver.
As those who take Bills out of the Banks in Europe, put in Money for Security; so here, and in some of the neighbouring Provinces, we engage our Land. Which of these Methods will most effectually secure the Bills from actually sinking in Value, comes next to be considered.
Trade in general being nothing else but the Exchange of Labour for Labour, the Value of all Things is, as I have said before, most justly measured by Labour. Now suppose I put my Money into a Bank, and take out a Bill for the Value; if this Bill at the Time of my receiving it, would purchase me the Labour of one hundred Men for twenty Days; but some time after will only purchase the Labour of the same Number of Men for fifteen Days; it is plain the Bill has sunk in Value one fourth Part. Now Silver and Gold being of no permanent Value; and as this Bill is founded on Money, and therefore to be esteemed as such, it may be that the Occasion of this Fall is the increasing Plenty of Gold and Silver, by which Money is one fourth Part less valuable than before, and therefore one fourth more is given of it for the same Quantity of Labour; and if Land is not become more plentiful by some proportionate Decrease of the People, one fourth Part more of Money is given for the same Quantity of Land, whereby it appears that it would have been more profitable to me to have laid that Money out in Land which I put into the Bank, than to place it there and take a Bill for it. And it is certain that the Value of Money has been continually sinking in England for several Ages past, because it has been continually increasing in Quantity. But if Bills could be taken out of a Bank in Europe on a Land Security, it is probable the Value of such Bills would be more certain and steady, because the Number of Inhabitants continue to be near the same in those Countries from Age to Age.
For as Bills issued upon Money Security are Money, so Bills issued upon Land, are in Effect Coined Land.
Therefore (to apply the Above to our own Circumstances) If Land in this Province was falling, or any way likely to fall, it would behove the Legislature most carefully to contrive how to prevent the Bills issued upon Land from falling with it. But as our People increase exceedingly, and will be further increased, as I have before shewn, by the Help of a large Addition to our Currency; and as Land in consequence is continually rising, So, in case no Bills are emitted but what are upon Land Security, the Money-Acts in every Part punctually enforced and executed, the Payments of Principal and Interest being duly and strictly required, and the Principal bona fide sunk according to Law, it is absolutely impossible such Bills should ever sink below their first Value, or below the Value of the Land on which they are founded. In short, there is so little Danger of their sinking, that they would certainly rise as the Land rises, if they were not emitted in a proper Manner for preventing it; That is, by providing in the Act That Payment may be made, either in those Bills, or in any other Bills made current by any Act of the Legislature of this Province; and that the Interest, as it is received, may be again emitted in Discharge of Publick Debts; whereby circulating it returns again into the Hands of the Borrowers, and becomes Part of their future Payments; and thus as it is likely there will not be any Difficulty for want of Bills to pay the Office, they are hereby kept from rising above their first Value: For else, supposing there should be emitted upon mortgage Land its full present Value in Bills; as in the Banks in Europe the full Value of the Money deposited is given out in Bills; and supposing the Office would take nothing but the same Sum in those Bills in Discharge of the Land; as in the Banks aforesaid, the same Sum in their Bills must be brought in, in order to receive out the Money: In such Case the Bills would most surely rise in Value as the Land rises; as certainly as the Bank Bills founded on Money would fall if that Money was falling. Thus if I were to mortgage to a Loan-Office, or Bank, a Parcel of Land now valued at £100 in Silver, and receive for it the like Sum in Bills, to be paid in again at the Expiration of a certain Term of Years; before which, my Land rising in Value, becomes worth £150 in Silver: ’Tis plain, that if I have not these Bills in Possession, and the Office will take nothing but these Bills, or else what it is now become worth in Silver, in Discharge of my Land; I say it appears plain, that those Bills will now be worth £150 in Silver to the Possessor; and if I can purchase them for less, in order to redeem my Land, I shall by so much be a Gainer.
I need not say any Thing to convince the Judicious that our Bills have not yet sunk, tho’ there is and has been some Difference between them and Silver; because it is evident that that Difference is occasioned by the Scarcity of the latter, which is now become a Merchandize, rising and falling, like other Commodities, as there is a greater or less Demand for it, or as it is more or less Plenty.
Yet farther, in order to make a true Estimate of the Value of Money, we must distinguish between Money as it is Bullion, which is Merchandize, and as by being coin’d it is made a Currency: For its Value as a Merchandize, and its Value as a Currency, are two distinct Things; and each may possibly rise and fall in some Degree independent of the other. Thus if the Quantity of Bullion increases in a Country, it will proportionably decrease in Value; but if at the same Time the Quantity of current Coin should decrease, (supposing Payments may not be made in Bullion) what Coin there is will rise in Value as a Currency, i.e. People will give more Labour in Manufactures for a certain Sum of ready Money.
In the same Manner must we consider a Paper Currency founded on Land; as it is Land, and as it is a Currency:
Money as Bullion, or as Land, is valuable by so much Labour as it costs to procure that Bullion or Land.
Money, as a Currency, has an Additional Value by so much Time and Labour as it saves in the Exchange of Commodities.
If, as a Currency, it saves one Fourth Part of the Time and Labour of a Country; it has, on that Account, one Fourth added to its original Value.
When there is no Money in a Country, all Commerce must be by Exchange. Now if it takes one fourth Part of the Time and Labour of a Country, to exchange or get their Commodities exchanged; then, in computing their Value, that Labour of Exchanging must be added to the Labour of manufacturing those Commodities: But if that Time or Labour is saved by introducing Money sufficient, then the additional Value on Account of the Labour of Exchanging may be abated, and Things sold for only the Value of the Labour in making them; because the People may now in the same Time make one Fourth more in Quantity of Manufactures than they could before.
From these Considerations it may be gathered, that in all the Degrees between having no Money in a Country, and Money sufficient for the Trade, it will rise and fall in Value as a Currency, in Proportion to the Decrease or Increase of its Quantity: And if there may be at some Time more than enough, the Overplus will have no Effect towards making the Currency, as a Currency, of less Value than when there was but enough; because such Overplus will not be used in Trade, but be some other way disposed of.
If we enquire, How much per Cent. Interest ought to be required upon the Loan of these Bills; we must consider what is the Natural Standard of Usury: And this appears to be, where the Security is undoubted, at least the Rent of so much Land as the Money lent will buy: For it cannot be expected that any Man will lend his Money for less than it would fetch him in as Rent if he laid it out in Land, which is the most secure Property in the World. But if the Security is casual, then a kind of Ensurance must be enterwoven with the simple natural Interest, which may advance the Usury very conscionably to any height below the Principal it self. Now among us, if the Value of Land is twenty Years Purchase, Five per Cent. is the just Rate of Interest for Money lent on undoubted Security. Yet if Money grows scarce in a Country, it becomes more difficult for People to make punctual Payments of what they borrow, Money being hard to be raised; likewise Trade being discouraged, and Business impeded for want of a Currency, abundance of People must be in declining Circumstances, and by these Means Security is more precarious than where Money is plenty. On such Accounts it is no wonder if People ask a greater Interest for their Money than the natural Interest; and what is above is to be look’d upon as a kind of Praemium for the Ensurance of those Uncertainties, as they are greater or less. Thus we always see, that where Money is scarce, Interest is high, and low where it is plenty. Now it is certainly the Advantage of a Country to make Interest as low as possible, as I have already shewn; and this can be done no other way than by making Money plentiful. And since, in Emitting Paper Money among us, the Office has the best of Security, the Titles to the Land being all skilfully and strictly examined and ascertained; and as it is only permitting the People by Law to coin their own Land, which costs the Government nothing, the Interest being more than enough to pay the Charges of Printing, Officers Fees, &c. I cannot see any good Reason why Four per Cent. to the Loan-Office should not be thought fully sufficient. As a low Interest may incline more to take Money out, it will become more plentiful in Trade; and this may bring down the common Usury, in which Security is more dubious, to the Pitch it is determined at by Law.
If it should be objected, That Emitting It at so low an Interest, and on such easy Terms, will occasion more to be taken out than the Trade of the Country really requires: It may be answered, That, as has already been shewn, there can never be so much of it emitted as to make it fall below the Land it is founded on; because no Man in his Senses will mortgage his Estate for what is of no more Value to him than That he has mortgaged, especially if the Possession of what he receives is more precarious than of what he mortgages, as that of Paper Money is when compared to Land: And if it should ever become so plenty by indiscreet Persons continuing to take out a large Overplus, above what is necessary in Trade, so as to make People imagine it would become by that Means of less Value than their mortgaged Lands, they would immediately of Course begin to pay it in again to the Office to redeem their Land, and continue to do so till there was no more left in Trade than was absolutely necessary. And thus the Proportion would find it self, (tho’ there were a Million too much in the Office to be let out) without giving any one the Trouble of Calculation.
It may perhaps be objected to what I have written concerning the Advantages of a large Addition to our Currency, That if the People of this Province increase, and Husbandry is more followed, we shall overstock the Markets with our Produce of Flower, &c. To this it may be answered, that we can never have too many People (nor too much Money) For when one Branch of Trade or Business is overstocked with Hands, there are the more to spare to be employed in another. So if raising Wheat proves dull, more may (if there is Money to support and carry on new Manufactures) proceed to the raising and manufacturing of Hemp, Silk, Iron, and many other Things the Country is very capable of, for which we only want People to work, and Money to pay them with.
Upon the Whole it may be observed, That it is the highest Interest of a Trading Country in general to make Money plentiful; and that it can be a Disadvantage to none that have honest Designs. It cannot hurt even the Usurers, tho’ it should sink what they receive as Interest; because they will be proportionably more secure in what they lend; or they will have an Opportunity of employing their Money to greater Advantage, to themselves as well as to the Country. Neither can it hurt those Merchants who have great Sums out-standing in Debts in the Country, and seem on that Account to have the most plausible Reason to fear it; to wit, because a large Addition being made to our Currency, will increase the Demand of our Exporting Produce, and by that Means raise the Price of it, so that they will not be able to purchase so much Bread or Flower with £100 when they shall receive it after such an Addition, as they now can, and may if there is no Addition: I say it cannot hurt even such, because they will get in their Debts just in exact Proportion so much the easier and sooner as the Money becomes plentier; and therefore, considering the Interest and Trouble saved, they will not be Losers; because it only sinks in Value as a Currency, proportionally as it becomes more plenty. It cannot hurt the Interest of Great Britain, as has been shewn; and it will greatly advance the Interest of the Proprietor. It will be an Advantage to every industrious Tradesman, &c. because his Business will be carried on more freely, and Trade be universally enlivened by it. And as more Business in all Manufactures will be done, by so much as the Labour and Time spent in Exchange is saved, the Country in general will grow so much the richer.
It is nothing to the Purpose to object the wretched Fall of the Bills in New-England and South-Carolina, unless it might be made evident that their Currency was emitted with the same Prudence, and on such good Security as ours is; and it certainly was not.
As this Essay is wrote and published in Haste, and the Subject in it self intricate, I hope I shall be censured with Candour, if, for want of Time carefully to revise what I have written, in some Places I should appear to have express’d my self too obscurely, and in others am liable to Objections I did not foresee. I sincerely desire to be acquainted with the Truth, and on that Account shall think my self obliged to any one, who will take the Pains to shew me, or the Publick, where I am mistaken in my Conclusions, And as we all know there are among us several Gentlemen of acute Parts and profound Learning, who are very much against any Addition to our Money, it were to be wished that they would favour the Country with their Sentiments on this Head in Print; which, supported with Truth and good Reasoning, may probably be very convincing. And this is to be desired the rather, because many People knowing the Abilities of those Gentlemen to manage a good Cause, are apt to construe their Silence in This, as an Argument of a bad One. Had any Thing of that Kind ever yet appeared, perhaps I should not have given the Publick this Trouble: But as those ingenious Gentlemen have not yet (and I doubt never will) think it worth their Concern to enlighten the Minds of their erring Countrymen in this Particular, I think it would be highly commendable in every one of us, more fully to bend our Minds to the Study of What is the true Interest of Pennsylvania; whereby we may be enabled, not only to reason pertinently with one another; but, if Occasion requires, to transmit Home such clear Representations, as must inevitably convince our Superiors of the Reasonableness and Integrity of our Designs.
  Philadelphia, April 3. 1729.
B. B.
621982 = 001-139a.html

The Nutty Professor

The Nutty Professor

Dean Richmond: "You're going to do great. You know how I know that? Because if you don't do great, I am going to kill you...and I don't mean that as a euphemism, I am going to choke you, and cut of your air supply, until you pass away."

Under the Sharia, Afghan Women Set Themselves on Fire in Record Number - Atlas Shrugs

Under the Sharia, Afghan Women Set Themselves on Fire in Record Number - Atlas Shrugs

Thich Quang Duc

Obama cracks down on peaceful protests of abortion clinics...

Obama cracks down on peaceful protests of abortion clinics...

But Obama doesn't say anything against when his 'family' of union thugs attacks innocent people, not even when one of them bit a guy's fucking finger clean off. WTF man, not cool.

Ten Most Harmful Books of the 19th and 20th Centuries

Ten Most Harmful Books of the 19th and 20th Centuries - HUMAN EVENTS

Education Secretary Makes Case for Abolishing His Department

Education Secretary Makes Case for Abolishing His Department





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Poll: 81% say Obama economic policies not working | Campaign 2012

Poll: 81% say Obama economic policies not working | Campaign 2012

Nixon levels. Zero job growth in August, first time since 1943, long before any antiquarian favorite of either party. #ObamaIsntWorking

Relations Between Turkey and Israel on the Decline | Video | TheBlaze.com

Relations Between Turkey and Israel on the Decline | Video | TheBlaze.com

Because Turkey rejects foreign journalism, and has embraced Islam as the STATE RELIGION. Deterioration.

» Recovery Bummer: Obama to Raise Funds at House of Blues - Big Government

» Recovery Bummer: Obama to Raise Funds at House of Blues - Big Government

1. Musical Heresy
2. Blasphemy
3. Sacrebleu

Evil Conservative Radio

Evil Conservative Radio

http://www.evilconservativeonline.com/

http://www.rightwire.net/

Evil GOP Bastards

Evil GOP Bastards

http://www.evilgopbastards.com/

I know a few metal heads, and a few metal fans, that would take Evil as a compliment. You're crazy.

Monday, September 5, 2011

WHITE HOUSE LABOR EVENTS TURN UGLY - Teamsters - Fox Nation

WHITE HOUSE LABOR EVENTS TURN UGLY - Teamsters - Fox Nation

Twitter / @andylevy: If u beat a woman u really ...

Twitter / @andylevy: If u beat a woman u really ...

Andy Levy
If u beat a woman u really shud get jail time RT : If u graduated hs in the 70s u should really get another hobby! (not twitter)

What Democrats can do about Obama - War Room - Salon.com

What Democrats can do about Obama - War Room - Salon.com

What Democrats can do about Obama

A liberal argues that the 2012 Democratic nomination should be debated -- with all options open

Fountain in Rome's Piazza Navona vandalized - Yahoo! News

Fountain in Rome's Piazza Navona vandalized - Yahoo! News

Blue Dogs switching to GOP. Have Democrat's bullying... | CafeMom Answers

Blue Dogs switching to GOP. Have Democrat's bullying... | CafeMom Answers

Blue Dogs switching to GOP. Have Democrat's bullying gone too far? Anyone seeing this in their area?

Plunging Approval Shouldn't Surprise Democrat Bullies

Plunging Approval Shouldn't Surprise Democrat Bullies

If you're unwilling to change, your business won't be able to grow - Holy Kaw!

If you're unwilling to change, your business won't be able to grow - Holy Kaw!

Big Business Unwilling to Change - business future big | Ask MetaFilter

Big Business Unwilling to Change - business future big | Ask MetaFilter

Hillbilly Report:: Trumka Warns of the "Forces of Hate" That Smash the Ideal of America

Hillbilly Report:: Trumka Warns of the "Forces of Hate" That Smash the Ideal of America

...Hillbilly Report...

The Good News About America's Auto Industry

The Good News About America's Auto Industry

"And Detroit carmakers? They're downsizing at home. GM has been cutting its white-collar payroll by 10% a year since 2000. Its engineering staff has been reduced from 19,000 then to 12,000 now. Fortunately, top researchers and designers have other places to go. Just ask Joel Piaskowski, chief designer at the Hyundai Motors Design & Technical Center in Irvine, Calif. Sitting at Hyundai's booth at the Detroit auto show, Piaskowski says he left his job at GM after designing the new Buick Lucerne sedan to join Hyundai -- with a nice promotion. He left Detroit, he adds, to be part of a company that is thriving. Piaskowski's new job gives him the freedom to design more types of vehicles. "Other companies are burdened by cost and overhead. We can do things they can't do," he says. While the upheaval in the car industry has shaken up the majority of Piaskowski's former co-workers at GM, it has left him in a better position than ever."

How Much Do UAW Workers Really Make? - By Stephen Spruiell - The Corner - National Review Online

How Much Do UAW Workers Really Make? - By Stephen Spruiell - The Corner - National Review Online

UAW 70$/hr (after benefits, 40$ take-home) plus employers pay pensions.
Overseas challengers 5$-10$, no pension.

Paul Harvey

The following was read on the air 45 years ago, in 1964, by radio personality Paul Harvey. It merits a reading today:


America has become a cannibal society, devouring its best. The competent, numerically outnumbered by the incompetents, are being corralled, restrained, confined and milked like barnyard cattle. The giants who created our skyscraper civilization are now ordered to obey Lilliputian bureaucrats. Common menwho owe their jobs to uncommon men who create jobsgang together to shackle their providers.


Americans are becoming congenital dependents. Even as loafing relatives extort a livelihood by claiming they have a “right” to your money
so today eight million homegrown moochers insist that you are responsible for their welfare! Thus, we subsidize promiscuous mothers and their illegitimate babies and lazy feather bedders and goldbricking government pay rollers…While we penalize the strong, the purposeful, the productive with disproportionate burdens of taxes, pressures, red tape.


We praise ventures which are “
non-profit” and grant them tax advantages and social acceptance, yet we damn the men who make the profits which make the “non-profit” ventures possible. Americans want to keep the electric lights but destroy the generators. What if the men of brains and initiative and industry should go on strike?


It happened once. “The Dark Ages” were a period of stagnation when men of exceptional ability gave up, figured “what’s the use?” and went underground
for a thousand years. Ayn Rand, author of “Atlas Shrugged,” thinks it may have to happen that way again. Dr. Charles Mayo says, “I know of no individual, no nation, that ever did anything worthwhile on a five-day week.” Already many American industrialists are turning the keys on their corporations and going to Floridaeither part-time or full-timeto become non-productive beachcombers.


Curiously, Russia is beginning to reward the uncommon men. Soviet scholar Vadim A. Trapeznikov
not without Kremlin sanctionis now referring to the Soviet system as “obsolete.” He says Russia’s economy must now rely on the “more productive profit motive.” We, on the other hand, continue to play the democratic con-game which pretends that all men are equal and that anybody who demonstrates any inequality should be punished for it.

Any insolent beggar can wave his sores in your face and plead for help in the tone of a threat. You are expected to feel “guilty” for having more than he. Any barefoot bum from the pestholes of Asia or Africa cries out, “How dare you be rich!” And we beg them to be patient and we promise to give it all away as fast as possible.

The economic creed of “enlightened selfishness” which made our nation the powerhouse of this planet has been so maligned that now it sounds like heresy when I say:

Any man who claims you owe him a living is a cannibal.

Whether foreign or domestic, he is a cannibal.

If you choose to help him, that is one thing.

If he demands you “help” as his “right,” he is a leech,

a sycophant, a parasite.

He is a cannibal seeking to survive by consuming you.

How Heavy Metal Is Working Its Way Into Islam : NPR

How Heavy Metal Is Working Its Way Into Islam : NPR

Heavy Metal Islam | Home SEPTEMBER 2011

Heavy Metal Islam | Home

Heavy Metal Islam

the book
heavy Metal Islam--The Book
album
HMI Tour Dates

Tour Dates

The landmark album from EMI is about to drop. Flowers in the Desert, featuring 19 of the best metal, rock, hiphop and rock bands from the Muslim world featured in the book and produced by Mark LeVine, is scheduled for a pre-holiday release. Check out the promo vid HERE:

"We play heavy metal because our lives are heavy metal."
-Reda Zine, one of the founders of the Moroccan heavy-metal scene

"Music is the weapon of the future."
-Fela Kuti

An eighteen-year-old Moroccan who loves Black Sabbath. A twenty-two-year-old rapper from the Gaza Strip. A Lebanese singer who quotes Bob Marley's "Redemption Song." They are as representative of the world of Islam today as the conservatives and extremists we see every night on the news. Heavy metal, punk, hip-hop, and reggae are each the music of protest, and in many cases considered immoral in the Muslim world. This music may also turn out to be the soundtrack of a revolution unfolding across that world.

Why, despite governmental attempts to control and censor them, do these musicians and fans keep playing and listening? Partly, of course, for the joy of self-expression, but also because, in this region, everything is political. In Heavy Metal Islam, Mark LeVine explores the influence of Western music on the Middle East through interviews with musicians and fans, introducing us young Muslims
struggling to reconcile their religion with a passion for music and a desire for change. The result is a revealing tour of contemporary Islamic culture through the evolving music scene in the Middle East and Northern Africa. Heavy Metal Islam is a surprising, wildly entertaining foray into a historically authoritarian region where music just might be the true democratizing force.

As the crisis in Iran continues to unfold, Mark has kept in regular touch with many of that country's leading metal and hiphop artists, who have been sending him regular updates on the situation. To follow their reports, check out Mark's blog on the Huffington Post HERE which has links to Mark's analyses of the evolving situation.

wingsRead the profile about the book and my interview with Iron Maiden at their website.


Iron Maiden

latest reviews

Wings Editor's Pick, New York Times, July 20, 2008: "LeVine manages to unpack enough cross-cultural incongruities to mount his own most pit; and informative, valuable and moderately mad book... This conscientious anti-imperialist has written a swell tract in favor of a... Marshall Amps Plan... and his program is undoubtedly the first to enlist death metal as the spearhead of a new Peace Corps." >>MORE

wings Boston Globe, August 10, 2008.
You don't have to be up to date on the heavy metal scene to find Levine's observations intriguing. Their music is a scream of protest against the hatred, violence, and decay that have seized their
countries and stolen their futures. "We play heavy metal because our lives are heavy metal," says one musician. But there is also idealism, a call to a revived Islam that creates rather than destroys. Music alone can't conquer tyranny, and Levine knows it, but as his evocation of the Czech "Velvet Revolution" suggests, it can live to dance on tyranny's grave. >> MORE

wings Jorzine magazine, Amman, Winter 2009: "A joy to read with its amusing and articulate writing style... A must read for every metalhead out there, not just middle eastern ones, simply because, I can't think of
a better person to explain the link between heavy metal and the Middle East. I would give this a well deserved 9/10.

wings Los Angeles Times, July 17, 2008: "[LeVine's] material is rich, as he mingles scenes of conflict with surprising moments ofunderstanding... Young men in long hair and black T-shirts are proudly marginalized everywhere, but the stakes are far higher here. The sounds and scenes he finds are a fascinating social phenomenon."

wings Slate.com, July 28, 2008: "Rock the Mullahs! Welcome to the new Middle East... a highly literate, politically sophisticated, technologically savvy, and globally plugged-in generation. It speaks English; it knows its way around the Internet; and, according to historian and part-time metal head Mark LeVine--who follows the [scenes] with all the dogged determination of a seasoned Grateful Dead fan--it wants to rock." >>MORE

wings Daily Star (Beirut), August 22, 2008: "Levine's book accomplishes its simple, self-appointed task: to exhibit the potential for music to transform societies and bring people closer together through artistic expression. Given the media's emphasis on
the differences between the Middle East and the West, Heavy Metal Islam is a refreshing, much needed call to keep searching for common
ground."

wings Rocky Mountain News, July 24, 2008: "This is an excellent and entertaining read for metalheads or anyone interested in a different look at Mideast culture... Just as there's more to LeVine than
academics, in his new book he argues that there's more to Muslim culture than what Americans consume on the nightly news... LeVine deftly showcases both the struggles and successes of Mideast metal artists."

music noteStarred Review, Publishers' Weekly, May 12, 2008: "With a Jolting Arrangement of images and voices, LeVine powerfully upends received notions about the Middle East by exploring one of the area's least known subcultures... Warm and intelligent." >>MORE

wings"Highly Recommended"-Library Journal, June 18, 2008. "Using music as a prism to observe social relations, [LeVine] expertly describes the political upheaval and social confusion in the Middle East that Westerners ignore or seldom understand. This examination of the changing and evolving cultures in a key global region is highly recommended." >> MORE

wingsPaste Magazine, July 2008: "Headbanging in Hejab:" LeVine chronicles and partakes, reflecting on and helping shape the reality he discovers. He produces a deeply felt, informed volume that's both hopeful and emotionally honest... He does a remarkable job, sketching not only the surprising realities of the musicians, but also providing excellent historical background and terrific detail... Anyone-regardless of musical preference-who wants an eye-level glimpse into the Middle East should pick up Heavy Metal Islam. Headbanging optional." >>MORE

Wings Freerepublic.com, July 9, 2008: Written by the incomparable Mark LeVine, [who] LeVine has a rare talent for taking personal, comprehensible subjects and connecting them to much larger issues... This is one of the most important nonfiction books written in the past decade, and I would strap a sandwich board to my back in order to promote it. >>MORE

music noteKirkus Reviews: May 15, 2008: "Offer[s] a surprising message of hope and solidarity that contrasts sharply with [the music's]
reputation.... A solid work of cross-cultural analysis.">>MORE

wingsGilbey Clarke, Guns N' Roses and Rockstar Supernova: "Heavy Metal Islam is a fun read, and an important one. As an American, Islam has been portrayed as the boogie man. As a musician I can relate to the struggles they had trying to write and record their songs and the difficulty finding hard rock records where they don't exist. so this was a pleasant surprise that these young artists and fans from such a different culture can enjoy the same soundtrack of my youth." >>MORE

wings Lanny Cordola, guitarist and producer, House of Lords, Mellow Man Ace, ESPN, Love Supreme Coalition: "Heavy Metal Islam is an important book--relevant and timely. It captures the essence of what it means to be a musician and a Muslim. It is a book of vigor and passion, a travelogue into the heart of what it means to be alive in the belly of political mumbo jumbo-finding grace in the dirge of extremism and shedding light on the common love of power chord-riff and banshee wail." >>MORE

music noteMike Davis, author, City of Quartz and A Brief History of the Car Bomb: "Roll over Crusaders. As Mark LeVine discovers during his revelatory journey from Fes to Dubai, the young people of the Arab world are rockin' their socks off, and, through their audacious musical subcultures, defining a future that rejects marginality, imperialism and intolerance." >>MORE

music note Anton Pushansky, tripple-Grammy Award winning producer, engineer and musician: "No one else alive could have written this book. LeVine has a great musician's ear, a scholar's eye, and an activist's sensibility for pulling unseen but crucial truths out of one of the world's most troubled regions." >>MORE



>>>MORE

Purchase Heavy Metal Islam from your favorite
online book sellers:

>>Amazon
>>Barnes and Noble
>>Powell's
>>Random House

wingsRadio Documentary

wingsInfo about Culture Jamming

wingsWatch CNN's story about the book and
the music

_____________________________

latest updates

wingsWho says MTV has lost its musical
edge. Check out this vid on
the birth of Arab metal here

wingsThe documentary about the Muslim
punk movement, Taqwacore, has now
been released. Watch the
trailer here.
The Kominas' "Sharia Law in the
USA!" is featured on Flowers
in the Desert.

wingsBeirut's The Kordz have just released
their new album Beauty and the Beast,
which might just be the best rock album
by anyone anywhere in the new
millennium. Check it out here

wings Listen to Mark discuss
the role of metalheads in the Iranian protests
on the NPR/PRI program "The World"
with Marco Werman, June 23, 2009

wings HMI is spreading across the globe.
Watch Mark being interviewed by
NBC News at SXSW, al-Jazeera's The Playlist
about the Pakistani rock and metal scene
and the relationship between metal and
Islam across the Muslim world, and on
Swedish Television's hit show Kobra

An article about the al-Jazeera expose on
Middle Eastern metal can be read here

wings GOOD NEWS! Flowers in the Desert, featuring
20 of the best metal, rock and hiphop groups
from the Muslim world, is almost here! Release
date by EMI confirmed for late May.
Stay tuned for exact release date
and ordering info.

wings Al-Jazeera, NBC News, and others covering
Mark at SXSWFestival in Austin, March 20,
performing with Lazywall, The Kominas,
Tarantist, Palestinian Rapperz, Son of Fire,
and speaking as part of the "Global Underground"
Panel. Panel Information
Show information: Club 115, 115 South Jacinto St.
Austin, 8pm-2am.

SXSW Comes to LA: Mark performs with Lazywall,
joined by Palestinian Rapperz, Turkish rock group
Kutsal and Irish metal kings Jeckyl, March 26,
at The Joint, 8771 West Pico, Los Angeles,
panel of artists at 8pm,
music begins promptly at 9pm.

wings Read Mark's interview with the Jordanian
metal 'zine Jorzine"

wings Watch Mark's report for the first episode
of the new IFC series "The Media Project"

wings Read about and listen to Mark's appearance
with Heavy Metal in Baghdad director Suroosh
Alvi on NPR's Inside Islam.

wings Read Mark's discussion of religious
themes in the book, at the Ford Foundation's
Religion Dispatches.

wings Click here to listen to Mark and Reza
Aslan on "Uprising" discussing youth culture
across the Middle East.

wings Read the story about the book in the London
Daily Telegraph.

wings Get details on how to join Mark
LeVine, Reza Aslan, Iranian metal gods Tarantist
and special guests at the LA celebration for the
publication of Heavy Metal Islam and a special
culture jam about 9/11 on September 10 at the
King King Club. Click the thumbnail below for
more.

wings Click here for details on how to join Mark
LeVine, Reza Aslan, Iranian metal gods Tarantist
and special guests at a special culture jam
about 9/11 on September 10 at the King King Club.

wings Read Mark's discussion of the roots of
Arabian metal in the UAE's The National
newspaper

wings Read about Mark's experiences in Turkey
in the Turkish Daily News.

wingsAn open letter to Motley Crue

wings READ Mark's article "Islamism and
Heavy Metal" in the Washington Post.

wings READ Mark's interview with the Orange
County Register
about his experiences
researching and writing the book, and how
its impacted his music and research.

wings Go to the RESOURCES section for
interviews about the book, cd and more.

Wings Read Mark's description of how Middle
Eastern metal influenced his writing of the
book at the famed literary/music blog
Largehearted Boy.

Wings READ an exclusive excerpt from Chapter Six,
on Pakistan, in the Huffington Post.

wings HEAR Mark's interview on NPR's "Talk of the Nation."

wingsView footage of Mark's recent performance
with the tangier-based group Lazywall at
l'Boulevard Festival in Casablanca HERE.

wingsClick thumbnails for photos of Mark
performing with the Moroccan-British band
Lazywall at the 10th annual l'Boulevard Festival,
Casablanca, June 21, 2008. Video and audio
coming soon.

Lazywall lazywall2
lazywall3 lazywall4

Heavy Metal Islam copyright Mark A. Levine, 2008, all rights reserved | Designed by Kendra Bean


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