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- What is the most appropriate methodology of psychology: mentalism, behaviorism, or a compromise?
- Are self-reports a reliable data gathering method?
- What conclusions can be drawn from null hypothesis tests?
- Can first-person experiences (emotions, desires, beliefs, etc.) be measured objectively?
- What is a cognitive module?
- Are humans rational creatures?
- What psychological phenomena come up to the standard required for calling it knowledge?
- What is innateness?
Philosophy of psychology is a relatively young field because 'scientific' psychology—that is psychology that favors experimental methods over introspection--came to dominate psychological studies only in the late nineteenth century. One of philosophy of psychology's concerns is to evaluate the merits of the many different schools of psychology that have been and are practiced. For example, cognitive psychology's use of internal mental states might be compared with behaviorism, and the reasons for the widespread rejection of behaviorism in the mid-twentieth century examined.
Topics that fall within philosophy of mind, of course, go back much farther. For example, questions about the very nature of mind, the qualities of experience, and particular issues like the debate between dualism and monism have been discussed in philosophy for many centuries.
Related to philosophy of psychology are philosophical and epistemological inquiries about clinical psychiatry and psychopathology. Philosophy of Psychiatry is mainly concerned with the role of values in psychiatry: derived from philosophical value theory and phenomenology, values-based practice is aimed at improving and humanizing clinical decision-making in the highly complex environment of mental health care. Philosophy of Psychopathology is mainly involved in the epistemological reflection about the implicit philosophical foundations of psychiatric classification and evidence-based psychiatry. Its aim is to unveil the constructive activity underlying the description of mental phenomena.
- ^ Fulford KWM, Stanghellini G. (2008). "The Third Revolution: Philosophy into Practice in Twenty-first Century Psychiatry". Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 1 (1): 5–14. http://www.crossingdialogues.com/fulford.htm.
- ^ Aragona M (2009). Il mito dei fatti. Una introduzione alla Filosofia della Psicopatologia. Crossing Dialogues. http://www.deastore.com/libro/il-mito-dei-fatti-una-massimiliano-aragona-ass-crossing-dialogues/9788890462009.html.
- Fulford KWM, Stanghellini G. The Third Revolution: Philosophy into Practice in Twenty-first Century Psychiatry. Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 2008;1(1):5-14. http://www.crossingdialogues.com/fulford.htm
- Aragona M. Il mito dei fatti. Una introduzione alla Filosofia della Psicopatologia. Crossing Dialogues, Rome, 2009. http://www.deastore.com/libro/il-mito-dei-fatti-una-massimiliano-aragona-ass-crossing-dialogues/9788890462009.html
- The London Philosophy Study Guide offers many suggestions on what to read, depending on the student's familiarity with the subject: Philosophy of psychology
- Part 7 of MindPapers: Philosophy of Cognitive Science (contains over 1,500 articles, many with online copies)